Ajmer is a popular pilgrimage center for Muslims as well as Hindus. Especially famous is the Dargah Sharif-tomb of the Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti, which is equally honored both by the Hindus and the Muslims. The city is also regarded as a center of education in Rajasthan. Ajmer, founded in the 7th century, is an ancient crowded city with modern developments in the outskirts and has a population of around 800,000.
The Dargah Sharif-tomb consists of several white marble buildings arranged around two courtyards, including a massive gate, a mosque and a vaulted tomb. Akbar and his queen used to come here by foot on pilgrimage from Agra every year in observance of a vow he had made when praying for a son. The large pillars called "Kose Minar", that was erected at intervals of two miles (3 km) the whole way between Agra and Ajmer are still existing.
The fort of Ajmer, Taragahr Fort, is claimed to be the first hill fort of Asia and gives it the reputation of being one of the oldest hill forts of the world. It was built on the summit of Taragaṛh Hill, overlooking Ajmer and its thick walls run along the hill top, completely enclosing the table-land. The walls are two miles (3 km) in circumference, and the fort can only be approached by steep and very roughly paved slopes.
About 11 Kilometers away from Ajmer the town Pushkar is an important tourist destination. Pushkar is famous for the Pushkar Lake and the 14th century Brahma Temple, the only place where Brahma may be worshipped. There is general belief among Hindus that no pilgrimage to the four principal pilgrim centers would bear fruit unless one bathes in the holy waters of Pushkar Lake. The lake has 52 bathing ghats and many temples, big and small.
Pushkar is also famous for its annual Pushkar Camel Fair, one of the largest in India and the only one of its kind in the entire world. During the fair, thousands of people from rural India flock to Pushkar, along with camel and cattle for several days of livestock trading, horse dealing, pilgrimage and religious festival. The fair takes place in October or November and lasts for many days where this small town is transformed into a spectacular fair ground, as rows of make shift stalls display an entire range of objects of art to daily utility stuff. The camel and horse races have crowds to cheer. Camel judging competitions are quite popular with animal lovers. Each evening brings different folk dances and music of Rajasthan, performers delivering live shows to the roaring and applauding crowds.
The nearest airport to Ajmer is Jaipur and a taxi to take you the around 130 km from the airport to Ajmer is not expensive, around USD 30-35, but it is advised to book a prearranged taxi for pick up at the airport. Alternatively Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe buses from Jaipur. There are buses from Jaipur to Ajmer every 15 minutes, some nonstop. The roads are very good, and it takes around 2 hrs. from Jaipur. Ajmer is well connected by train to all major cities in India, from Delhi there are daily trains in the morning as well as in the evening.