Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the ancient Indian way of life. There is a rich and varied folk culture from villages which is often portrayed and is symbolic of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition. The music is uncomplicated and songs describe day-to-day relationships and tasks, more often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds.
A popular source of entertainment is the Khyal, a dance drama composed in verse with festive, historical, or romantic themes. The typical folk dance of Rajasthan is the Ghoomar from Udaipur, which is performed on festive occasions only by women. The Geer dance (performed by men and women), the Panihari (a graceful dance for women), and the Kacchi ghori (in which male dancers ride dummy horses) are also popular. The Ghoomar dance and the Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition.
Rajasthan is famous for its traditional and colorful art form. The tie & die textile, carved wooden furniture with stunning motifs, block print textiles, Bandhej saris & kurtis, zari & embroidered saris & garments, hand knotted carpets & durries, beautiful blue pottery, exquisite mojaris & jutis, etc. are popular art forms of Rajasthan.
Colorful costumes also relate to Rajasthani culture & tradition. A Rajasthani traditional dress for females comprises an ankle length skirt and a short top, also known as a lehenga or a chaniya choli. A piece of cloth is used to cover the head, both for protection from heat and maintenance of modesty. Rajasthani dresses are usually designed in bright colors like blue, red, yellow, green and orange.
Rajasthan is known for colorful fairs & festivals. The main religious festivals are Deepawali, Holi, Gangaur, Teej, Gogaji, Shri Devnarayan Jayanti, Makar Sankranti and Janmashtami, as the main religion is Hinduism. Rajasthan's desert festival is celebrated with great passion and eagerness. This festival is held once a year during winter. Dressed in brilliantly hued costumes, the people of the desert dance and sing haunting ballads of valor, romance and tragedy. There are fairs with snake charmers, puppeteers, acrobats and folk performers. Camels, of course, play a stellar role in this festival.