|Temples are found in almost all the cities, towns, and villages of Rajasthan and are deeply a part of the Rajasthani culture. Among the most prominent temples are the Eklingiji (Shiva) temple, the Jain Dilwara Temples, the Ranakpur Jain temples and the famous Bhrama temple at Pushkar. The most common feature of the temples of Rajasthan, located in the western part, is single spire, and intricately carved outer chamber called the mandap before the inner temple.
The Jain Dilwara temples are located about 2½ kilometers from Mount Abu, Rajasthan's only hill station. These temples dating back from the 11th to the 13th century AD are world famous for their stunning use of marble. The five legendary marble temples of Dilwara are the sacred pilgrimage of the Jains. They are an overwhelming blend of simple beauty and exquisite elegance and although the Jains built some beautiful temples at other places in Rajasthan none come close to these in terms of architectural perfection. The temples reside amidst mesmerizing surroundings of mango trees and wooded hills. A high wall, shimmering luminous in the sunlight, shrouds the temple complex.
The Eklingji temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, is one of the principal pilgrimage destinations in Rajasthan. It is located approximately 24 km to the north of Udaipur and is a huge complex consisting of 108 temples built in marble and red sandstone. Enclosing the temple are high walls with bathing terraces leading down to the water. The temple dates back to 734 AD.
One of the five holy places of Jains, the Ranakpur temples were created in the 15th century during the reign of Rana Kumbha. The temples are located in the Aravali hill ranges of the Pali district, approximately 23 km from the Phalna railway station, and not too far a distance from Udaipur. The temple has 29 elaborate halls and 1,144 intricately carved pillars which make it an architectural marvel. The main temple is the Chaumukha Temple; the other temples in the complex are Parsavnath and Neminath temples with exquisitely sculpted figurines. Enclosing the temples from all the sides is a strong wall.
The Brahma Temple at Pushkar is one of the very few Brahma temples in existence in India. This is curious as Brahma is one of the Hindu Trinity along with Vishnu and Shiva and there are numerous temples dedicated to the latter two all over India. The temple is believed to be dating back to the 14th century and stands on a high plinth with marble steps leading to the inner sanctum. The silver inlaid marble archways and the elaborately carved swans are all a delight to watch. The temple is beautifully adorned with an alluringly carved silver turtle which sits on the floor facing the inner sanctum. The turtle is surrounded by hundreds of silver coins with the names of donors engraved on them.